Who owns the vacated property?

Normally the abutting property owners become the owners of the vacated property because the property owner on each side of the street owns to the centerline. This is because in most situations the street dedication on a plat merely grants an easement to the city for public travel and the underlying fee ownership of the street remains with the abutting property owners. Therefore, when the city vacates its easement, the abutting property owners on each side of the street become the owners of the land.

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1. Who may start the street vacation process?
2. Must a public hearing be held before a street may be vacated?
3. Who owns the vacated property?
4. What if the city owned the underlying fee to the street area?
5. May the city charge the abutting property owners a fee for the street vacation?
6. May the city retain an easement for underground utilities that may be in the vacated area?
7. Does the vacation need to be granted by ordinance?
8. May a portion of the street be vacated?
9. May a street that abuts a body of water be vacated?
10. Is there a statute that provides for an automatic vacation of streets if they are not opened for public travel within a certain time period?